Microstructure and Pores

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Find a selection of MaP news and an archive of past work!

Mapping - ET2SMEs

We are now also on the Einstein Telescope Company and Research Institute Mapping Tool!

New Website Section

Information on our recent projects is now available on the Website. Explore and get to know our recent projects...

EAGE 2022

Our abstract on "Prediction of fault rock permeability with Deep Learning: training data from transfer samples of fault cores" has been accepted for the 83rd EAGE Annual Conference and Exhibition, held in Madrid in June 2022. We look forward to being part of it.


Explore all MaP can do for You!


You can learn more about the technologies used by MaP, if You click the button above


B2B focused section, in which You can find background information about our products


In this section, we showcase possible applications for our technologies and products


Explore our scientific approach to microstructure analyses


Brod Ion Beam (BIB) Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) is one of our core technologies and allows Gigapixel imaging at nano-scale resolution


Cryo-Broad Ion Beam sputtering combined with Cryo-Scanning Electron Microscopy enables us to analyze Cryo-preserved fluids inside pore networks and micro cracks


The Liquid Metal Injection (LMI) is used to fill the connected pore network of a sample to make analysing it via BIB-SEM easier

ViP-Virtual Petrograph

Using multi-scale automated petrographic analyses we are able to segment fracture networks, minerals, pores and mineral overgrowths in a sample

MaPro Image Analysis Software

Our unique Image Analysis Software showcases a modern approach to microstrucutre analysis and leads to faster and more precise analyses


Additional information regarding our BIB-SEM technology


Combining Broad Ion Beam (BIB) sputtering with Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) imaging including topography-, phase-, and chemical- mapping using Secondary Electrons (SE), Backscattered Electrons (BSE) and Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDS). The argon ion sputtered surface allows Gigapixel imaging at nano-scale resolution of the microstructure followed by image processing.


High-resolution microstructural analysis of heterogeneous tight rocks and materials at a representative scale.


Additional information regarding our Cryo-BIB-SEM technology


Combining Cryo-Broad Ion Beam sputtering with Cryo-Scanning Electron Microscopy and chemical analysis using EDS we are able to image and analyze Cryo-preserved fluids inside pore networks and micro cracks. The Cryo-loading station with Cryo-saw allows performing sample preparation for the Cryo-BIB under LN2 conditions.


High-resolution microstructural characterization of wet or soft materials, like oil/brine-filled reservoir rocks, oil shales, tissue, bio-materials, polymers, membranes.


Additional information regarding our LMI-BIB-SEM technology


During Liquid Metal Injection (LMI) the fusible alloy intrudes and fills the connected pore network. The degree of percolation depends on the critical pore throat diameter in the porous medium. The minimum pore throat diameter which can be filled depends on the injection pressure, following the Washburn equation. After the desired injection pressure is reached, the sample is cooled down under pressure and the metal solidifies in the pores. The following BIB-SEM investigation allows interrogating the 3D pore network.


Characterization of the connected pore network at nanometer resolution on a representative sample scale.

ViP – Virtual Petrograph

Additional information regarding our ViP-Virtual Petrograph technology


This system displays mosaic images of thin-sections with 10 nm accuracy at all settings of a conventional polarizing microscope from a highly compressed Gigapixel image file. Using multi-scale automated petrographic analyses we are able to segment fracture networks, minerals, pores and mineral overgrowths. Regions of interest can be selected for enhanced analyses like ion-polishing preparation followed by BIB-SEM.


Multi-scale, quantitative analysis of petrophysical attributes, automated analysis of sections, digital library.

MaPro – The Image Analysis Software

Additional information regarding our MaPro – Image Analysis technology


Machine Learning Algorithms developed with data from cement samples are now used in MaPs new MaPro software to correctly identify pore space and mineral composition of cements and other samples.


The algorithms are now on a level with human decisions or even better, depending the quality of the sample. A newly developed Graphical User Interface (GUI) leads the user intuitively throught the process of analyzing the given set of images.


In the future, we will decide whether we will license the software for commercial use, or keep using it internally to provide the best results to our customers.


What we do for You!


Gigapixel image data, Pore analyses, Quantified mineralogy, Advanced pore analyses


Cutting-edge cryo-BIB-SEM method


Pore analyses, porosity and permeability assessment

ViP-Virtual Petrograph

Image data, Pore analyses, Quantified mineralogy, Data storage

MaPro Image Analysis Software

Learn more about a possible licensed use of MaPro


Below, You find a list of our BIB-SEM related products

Gigapixel image data

SE Topography maps
BSE Phase density maps
EDS Element maps

Pore analyses

Visible porosity
Pore size distributions
Pore shape and orientation
Surface area and roughness

Quantified mineralogy

Grain size distributions
Mineral fabric
Organic-matter distributions

Advanced pore analyses

Organic-matter porosity
Mineral phase porosity
Inter-/intraparticle porosity
Inferred porosity and permeability


Below, You find a list of our Cryo-BIB-SEM related products

cutting-edge Cryo-BIB-SEM method

Our unique cutting-edge Cryo-BIB-SEM method allows to image and investigate the fluid-filled microstructure and measure the:

In-situ Fluid chemistry
In-situ Wettability
In-situ Fluid distribution

This cutting-edge technology open new fields of research, for instance, for EOR screening or core and formation damage evaluation.


Below, You find a list of our LMI-BIB-SEM related products

Pore analyses

Effective porosity
3D Pore connectivity
Percolation threshold

Porosity and permeability assessment

LMI resembles conventional Mercury Intrusion Porosimetry (MIP) and therefore we can evaluate MIP data as we visualize what part of the pore space is actually being filled with the liquid metal. Moreover, we can investigate the pore space between the cracks and correct for core damage. Permeability estimation can be obtained relatively easy by using the capillary tube model, as we know the effective porosity and the percolation threshold from the image data.

ViP - Products

Below, You find a list of our ViP related products

Image data

Transmitted light maps
Polarized light maps
Reflected light maps

Pore analysis

Visible porosity
Pore size distributions
Pore shape and orientation
Surface area and roughness

Quantified mineralogy

Grain size distributions
Mineral fabric

Data storage

Digital thin section libraries
Interpretation stored with thin section

MaPro – The Product

Additional information regarding the licensing and use of our MaPro – Software

Internal use for Your analysis!

As for now, MaPro is used by our experts for multiple purposes during our analysis of your samples

Possible licensed use?

We are currently planning further development of the software and a possible licensed use. Visit our News section regularly to stay up to date!


Explore the various fields our technologies and services can play a role in


MaP sounds to good to be true? Applications of our technology and projects are listed below...

Application Notes

Explore earlier applications of our unique analysis methods in further detail

Recent Projects

Find out more about our recent projects


Find a list of selected publications such as Journal Articles, Conference Contributions and White Papers

Application Notes

Explore the diverse applications of our technologies

Carbonate Rocks

Multi-Scale Imaging and Quantification of Pores in Carbonate Rocks

Organic-rich Shale

Pore Space Quantification and Distribution in an Organic-rich Shale

Rock Salt

Triple-beam Ar-Ion-Milling with a Rotary Stage to Decorate Grain Boundaries and Substructures in Rock Salt

Multi-Scale Imaging and Quantification of Pores in Carbonate Rocks

Characterization of the wide range of pore sizes present in many carbonate rock types requires the integration of optical and electron microscopy. At MaP we developed such a routine in order to capture the porosity in a representative way. At first, automated optical microscopy imaging using the Virtual Petrograph (ViP) allows quantification of the macroporosity. Quantification of the microporosity is obtained by analyzing SEM images recorded from BIB-polished sample cross-sections. Pore space is segmented from the ViP and BIB-SEM image data using advanced image processing algorithms. From the integration of both outcomes we can obtain the porosity, pore size distribution and pore geometry and undertake pore type characterization and classification. Additional Liquid Metal Injection (LMI) followed by BIB-SEM surveys the connectivity of the macro- and microporosity.

Full Application Note

Click to Download

Pore Space Quantification and Distribution in an Organic-rich Shale

Physical porosity is a crucial property in shales as it controls the storage capacity to a large extent and forms the transport system. Imaging the visible pore space, the associated mineralogy, and organic matter provide insight into the relevant phases for storage and transport and allow for upscaling. However, it is a challenge to measure the physical porosity in a representative way and at high resolution because of sample heterogeneity as well as small pore sizes, which are typically below the micrometer in those fine-grained rocks. Using our BIB-SEM technology we are able to assess the sample heterogeneity and image the typical pores at nanometer scale resolution, commonly employing a pixel size of 15 nanometer, in a representative way. Moreover, core damage like cracks can be quantified and corrected for bulk porosity and permeability measurements.

Full Application Note

Click to Download

Triple-beam Ar-Ion-Milling with a Rotary Stage to Decorate Grain Boundaries and Substructures in Rock Salt

Decoration of grain boundaries in polycrystalline rocks has a long tradition in Structural Geology as in a monomineralic rock the recrystallized grain size is a good indicator for the paleostress conditions. Understanding the mechanical properties of rock salt and its deformation behavior is of major importance for the prediction of long-term stability of nuclear waste repositories, and for our understanding of the dynamics of salt-related sedimentary ba sins which host the majority of oil and gas deposits on Earth. Common methods to expose grain boundaries and substructures in rock salt are chemical etching procedures using brine or water or the gamma irradiation method.

Full Application Note

Click to Download

Recent Projects

Get to know our recent Projects


Development of an autonomous measuring procedure for the automated determination of fossilized organic matter and thermal maturity of sediment rocks


Automated carbonate reservoir pore and fracture classification by multiscale imaging and deep learning


Deformation dependent development of fault zones and the influence of clay smear on the barrier behaviour

Auto-Vitrinite: Development of an autonomous measuring procedure for the automated determination of fossilized organic matter and thermal maturity of sediment rocks.

We are working on an innovative prototype of a standardized sample preparation protocol, followed by an automated characterization of thermal maturity and additional parameters of sediments based on SEM images.

This project's objective is to establish a systematic and automated measuring procedure for determining the thermal maturity of Vitrinites and parameters for the classification of sedimentary deposits. Our approach is based on a novel preparation procedure using BIB-SEM analysis to replace conventional Vitrinite reflectance measurements. Combined with machine learning algorithms, we aim to introduce a systematic identification of macerals and mineral matter on ion-structured surfaces using the SEM. Generating a constantly growing database, which could be of use to analyze sediment layers, specifically interesting for the oil and gas industry, for nuclear waste storage, CO2 and H2 storage.

This project is implemented as a FuE-cooperation Project with the Institute for Geology and Geochemistry of Petroleum and Coal at RWTH Aachen University. It is funded by the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Action (BMWi)'s "Central Innovation Programme" (ZIM).

Keywords: Vitrinites, Thermal Maturity, Macerals, Ion etching, Ion polishing, Machine learning, Maceral detection

GameChanger: Automated carbonate reservoir pore and fracture classification by multiscale imaging and deep learning

Carbonate rocks are heterogeneous at microscopic and macroscopic scales, hence, their characterization is challenging, expensive and time-consuming. Petrophysical analyses cannot provide information on the full geometry and pore space connectivity. Moreover, these analyses are time consuming and require evaluation by experts. Current imaging techniques do not cover a representative range of scales, have difficulty to image microporosity, and are not well integrated with the expert knowledge available. An automated tool for identifying and classifying pores and fractures does not yet exist. This contribution presents a novel multi-scale workflow dedicated to carbonate rocks that integrates innovative methods with state-of-the-art imaging technologies for automated classification of connected pores from nano- to centimeter scale: 1) Virtual Petrograph (ViP), an automated high resolution petrographic microscope to acquire and visualize high-resolution cross-polarized image-maps of ultra-thin sections; 2) Broad Ion Beam – Scanning Electron Microscopy (BIB-SEM), a 2D preparation and imaging technique that preserves the most delicate microstructures and images microporosity in detail over representative areas; 3) Liquid Metal Injection (LMI) followed by BIB-SEM, a porosimetry technique to distinguish connected and unconnected pore space. Validated pore maps will be the input for statistical analysis and used to train deep learning algorithms for pore segmentation and classification.

The project was funded by Shell’s GameChanger program and successfully closed June 2021, see also https://www.shell.com/energy-and-innovation/entrepreneurs-and-start-ups/shell-gamechanger/portfolio.html.

See further details in this conference paper presented at 82nd EAGE Conference & Exhibition in Amsterdam, The Netherlands 18-21 October 2021: https://www.earthdoc.org/content/papers/10.3997/2214-4609.202011981.

Or DOI: https://doi.org/10.3997/2214-4609.202011981.

Keywords: Pore segmentation, Pore classification, Pore connectivity, Carbonate pores, Deep learning

Permea 2: Deformation dependent development of fault zones and the influence of clay smear on the barrier behaviour

Energy storage in the subsurface is primarily influenced by the permeability of the host rocks and its geological constrains. In this project, MaP is working on an innovative prototype of a model for the prediction of permeability in fault zones from microstructural data.

The microstructural analysis by using imaging microanalytical techniques allows the quantification of the fault zones on a cm-nm scale. The focus is on the classification of the elements (building blocks) of the damage zone and the fault core. The porosity (fractures and pores), as well as pore space connectivity, using liquid metal injection in combination with broad ion beam preparation, virtual petrography and scanning electron microscopy, are measured to assign permeability tensors and to model permeability in fault zones.

Project partners are the Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, IGEM - Institut für geothermisches Ressourcenmanagement, RWTH Aachen University and the Friedrich Alexander-Universität Erlangen.


Below You find a table with some of our scientific publications

Date Title Authors Medium
2022 Comparative petrophysical characterization, BIB-SEM imaging and permeability models of tight carbonates: Case study Upper Jurassic (Malm ß), N Bavaria Simon Freitag, Jop Klaver, Iulian S Malai, Norbert Klitzsch, Janos L Urai, Harald Stollhofen, Wolfgang Bauer, Joyce Schmatz Research Square
2022 Prediction of Fault Rock Permeability With Deep Learning: Training Data from Transfer Samples of Fault Cores J Schmatz, J Klaver, E Wellmann, M Jiang, W Kraus, S Freitag, A Hoffmann, H Deckert European Association of Geoscientists & Engineers
2022 Workflow for high-resolution phase segmentation of cement clinker from combined BSE image and EDX spectral data Mingze Jiang, Christiane Rößler, Eva Wellmann, Jop Klaver, Florian Kleiner, Joyce Schmatz Journal of Microscopy
2022 Analogue experiments of normal fault formation in multi-layers of alternating strength Utomi Izediunor, Susanne Buiter, Joyce Schmatz EGU22
2022 CCC-integrated multiscale study of salt cavern abandonment in the Netherlands Tobias S Baumann, Pierre Bérest, Benoit Brouard, Martijn ter Braack, Marinus den Hartogh, Boris JP Kaus, Jop Klaver, Paul BH Oonk, Anton Popov, Joyce Schmatz, Janos L Urai, Els AM Wijermars EarthArXiv
2022 Improved Understanding of Hydrocarbon Expulsion and Associated Fracturing During Successive Stages of Maturation: Insights from the Artificial Maturation of Organic-Rich, Immature to Early Mature Source Rocks Israa S Abu-Mahfouz, Garri Gaus, Sebastian Grohmann, Jop Klaver, Joe Cartwright, Erdem Idiz, Ralf Littke, Janos L Urai, Tadeusz Patzek, Volker Vahrenkamp OnePetro
2021 Characterisation of natural and remoulded Onsøy clay with focus on the influence of mica Wolfgang Lieske, Wiebke Baille, Joyce Schmatz, Stephan Kaufhold, Reiner Dohrmann Engineering Geology
2021 Superpixel segmentations for thin sections: evaluation of methods to enable the generation of machine learning training data sets Jiaxin Yu, Florian Wellmann, Simon Virgo, Marven von Domarus, Mingze Jiang, Joyce Schmatz, Bastian Leibe EarthArXiv
2021 Reduced Drying Time of Anodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries through Simultaneous Multilayer Coating Jana Kumberg, Werner Bauer, Joyce Schmatz, Ralf Diehm, Max Tönsmann, Marcus Müller, Kevin Ly, Philip Scharfer, Wilhelm Schabel Energy Technology
2021 Model for calcite spherulite formation in organic, clay-rich, lacustrine carbonate shales (Barbalha Formation, Aptian, Araripe Basin, NE Brazil) Hannes Claes, Tiago Miranda, Thiago C Falcão, Jeroen Soete, Zahra Mohammadi, Laura Zieger, Marcelle M Erthal, Jéssica Aguillar, Joyce Schmatz, Andreas Busch, Rudy Swennen Marine and Petroleum Geology
2021 A comparative study on methods for determining the hydraulic properties of a clay shale Lisa Winhausen, Alexandra Amann-Hildenbrand, Reinhard Fink, Mohammadreza Jalali, Kavan Khaledi, Pooya Hamdi, Janos L Urai, Joyce Schmatz, Florian Amann Geophysical Journal International
2021 Automated Carbonate Reservoir Pore and Fracture Classification by Multiscale Imaging and Deep Learning J Klaver, J Schmatz, R Wang, M Jiang, LM Kleipool, A Cilona, JL Urai 82nd EAGE Annual Conference & Exhibition
2021 An Integrated Imaging Study of the Pore Structure of the Cobourg Limestone—A Potential Nuclear Waste Host Rock in Canada Zhazha Hu, Shuangfang Lu, Jop Klaver, Jan Dewanckele, Alexandra Amann-Hildenbrand, Garri Gaus, Ralf Littke Minerals
2021 Micromechanisms leading to shear failure of Opalinus Clay in a triaxial test: a high-resolution BIB–SEM study Lisa Winhausen, Jop Klaver, Joyce Schmatz, Guillaume Desbois, Janos L Urai, Florian Amann, Christophe Nussbaum Solid Earth
2021 Hyrous Pyrolysis of Source Rock Plugs: Geochemical and Visual Investigations and Implications for Primary Mirgation S Grohmann, G Gaus, J Klaver, I Abu-Mahfouz, Volker Vahrenkamp, Tadeusz Patzek, J Urai, R Littke IMOG 2021
2021 The evolution of slate microfabrics during progressive accretion of foreland basin sediments Ismay Vénice Akker, Alfons Berger, Christoph E Schrank, Michael WM Jones, Cameron M Kewish, Jop Klaver, Marco Herwegh Journal of structural geology
2021 Experimental Investigation of Gas Dynamic Effects Using Nanoporous Synthetic Materials as Tight Rock Analogues Steffen Nolte, Reinhard Fink, Bernhard M Krooss, Alexandra Amann-Hildenbrand, Yue Wang, Moran Wang, Joyce Schmatz, Jop Klaver, Ralf Littke Transport in Porous Media
2021 Mineralogical, BIB‐SEM and petrophysical data in seal rock analysis: a case study from the Vienna Basin, Austria David Misch, Wolfgang Siedl, Michael Drews, Bin Liu, Jop Klaver, Magdalena Pupp, RF Sachsenhofer Journal of Petroleum Geology
2020 Generating a pixel-wise annotated training dataset to train ML algorithms for mineral identification in rock thin sections Jiaxin Yu, Joyce Schmatz, Marven von Domarus, Mingze Jiang, Simon Virgo, Bastian Leibe, Florian Wellmann EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts
2020 Anticline growth by shortening during crustal exhumation of the Moroccan Atlantic margin David Fernández-Blanco, Mohamed Gouiza, Remi Charton, Christian Kluge, Jop Klaver, Kirsten Brautigam, Giovanni Bertotti Journal of Structural Geology
2020 Pore space characteristics of the Upper Visean ‘Rudov Beds’: insights from broad ion beam scanning electron microscopy and organic geochemical investigations David Misch, Jop Klaver, Doris Gross, Javad Rustamov, RF Sachsenhofer, Joyce Schmatz, JL Urai Geological Society, London, Special Publications
2020 Stress sensitivity of porosity and permeability of Cobourg limestone Zhazha Hu, Jop Klaver, Joyce Schmatz, Jan Dewanckele, Ralf Littke, Bernhard M. Krooss, Alexandra Amann-Hildenbrand Engineering Geology Volume 273
2019 Transport properties of the Cobourg Limestone: A benchmark investigation C. A. Davy, Zhazha Hu , A.P.S. Selvadurai, Jop Klaver, M.-C. Willemetz, F. Agostini, F. Skoczylas, Jan Dewanckele, Alexandra Amann-Hildenbrand and Roland Lenormand SCA2019-037
2019 Non-marine carbonate reservoir architecture, genesis and petrophysical characterisation from analogues-Travertines, Shrubs, Laminites and Spherulites. H Claes, J Soete, MM Erthal, Á Török, Z Mohammadi, C Aratman, T Siqueira de Miranda, A Mancini, E Capezzuoli, J Schmatz, J Aguillar, L Zieger, R Swennen. First EAGE Workshop on Pre-Salt Reservoir: from Exploration to Production 2019, (1), 1-5.
2019 SAXS and WAXS Microscopy Applied to Mudrocks: A New Method for Systematic Multiscale Studies of Porosity, Pore Orientation and Mineralogy. L Leu, P Bertier, A Georgiadis, A Busch, A Diaz, J Klaver, J Schmatz, V. Lutz-Bueno, J. Ihli, H. Ott and M. Blunt Sixth EAGE Shale Workshop 2019 (1), 1-4.
2019 Solid bitumen in shales: Petrographic characteristics and implications for reservoir characterization. D Misch, D Gross, G Hawranek, B Horsfield, J Klaver, F Mendez-Martin, JL Urai, S Vranjes-Wessely, RF Sachsenhofer, J Schmatz, J Li and C Zou. International Journal of Coal Geology 205, 14-31.
2018 Factors controlling shale microstructure and porosity: A case study on upper Visean Rudov beds from the Ukrainian Dneiper–Donets Basin. D Misch, J Klaver, D Gross, V Mayer-Kiener, F Mendez-Martin, J Schmatz, RF Sachsenhofer. AAPG Bulletin 102 (12), 2629-2654.
2018 Model-free classification of X-ray scattering signals applied to image segmentation. V Lutz-Bueno, C Arboleda, L Leu, MJ Blunt, A Busch, A Georgiadis, Pieter Bertier, Joyce Schmatz, Zsuzsanna Varga, Pablo Villanueva-Perez, Z Wang, Maxime Lebugle, C David, Marco Stampanoni, Ana Diaz, Manuel Guizar-Sicairos, Andreas Menzel. Journal of applied crystallography 51 (5), 1378-1386.
2018 KG²B, a collaborative benchmarking exercise for estimating the permeability of the Grimsel granodiorite–Part 1: measurements, pressure dependence and pore-fluid effects. C David, J Wassermann, F Amann, DA Lockner, EH Rutter, T Vanorio, ... J Klaver, A Clark. Geophysical Journal International 215 (2), 799-824.
2018 KG²B, a collaborative benchmarking exercise for estimating the permeability of the Grimsel granodiorite—Part 2: modelling, microstructures and complementary data. C David, J Wassermann, F Amann, J Klaver, C Davy, J Sarout, L Esteban, ... Geophysical Journal International 215 (2), 825-843.
2018 Multiscale porosity changes along the pro-and retrograde deformation path: an example from Alpine slates. IV Akker, J Kaufmann, G Desbois, J Klaver, LJ Urai, A Berger, M Herwegh. Solid Earth 9, 1141-1156.
2018 Multiscale porosity estimates of slates. I Vénice Akker, J Kaufmann, G Desbois, J Klaver, JL Urai, A Berger, ... EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts 20, 2039.
2018 Formation of slaty cleavage along a temperature gradient. I Vénice Akker, G Desbois, J Klaver, JL Urai, A Berger, M Herwegh. EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts 20, 2033.
2018 Image-based microstructural analysis: A BIB-SEM study on Upper Visean shales from the Dniepr-Donets Basin (Ukraine). D Misch, J Klaver, J Schmatz, JL Urai, D Gross, RF Sachsenhofer. 2018. EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts 20, 6276.
2018 Pore space characteristics of the Upper Visean ‘Rudov Beds’: insights from broad ion beam scanning electron microscopy and organic geochemical investigations. D Misch, J Klaver, D Gross, J Rustamov, RF Sachsenhofer, J Schmatz, ... Geological Society, London, Special Publications 484, SP484. 9.
2017 Nanoscale morphology of brine/oil/mineral contacts in connected pores of carbonate reservoirs: Insights on wettability from Cryo-BIB-SEM. J Schmatz, J Klaver, M Jiang, JL Urai. SPE Journal 22 (05), 1,374-1,384.
2017 Enhanced surface flatness of vitrinite particles by broad ion beam polishing and implications for reflectance measurements. A Grobe, J Schmatz, R Littke, J Klaver, JL Urai. International Journal of Coal Geology 180, 113-121.
2017 Standardized Automated Multiscale Imaging Technologies to Quantify Microstructure and Petrophysical Properties in a Range of Rock Types. J Schmatz, J Klaver, S Virgo, M Jiang, C von Hagke, G Desbois, JL Urai. 79th EAGE Conference and Exhibition 2017 2017 (1), 1-5.
2017 Liquid Metal Injection: A novel tool to investigate connected porosity and transport pathways in unconventional reservoirs. J Klaver, J Schmatz, JL Urai. SPE Europec featured at 79th EAGE Conference and Exhibition.
2017 Micro-fabric damages in Boom Clay inferred from cryo-BIB-SEM experiment: recent results. G Desbois, J Schmatz, J Klaver, JL Urai. EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts 19, 4461.
2017 Deformation mechanisms and resealing of damage zones in experimentally deformed cemented and un-cemented clay-rich geomaterials, at low bulk strain. G Desbois, JL Urai, B Schuck, N Hoehne, A Oelker, P Bésuelle, Gioacchino Viggiani, Joyce Schmatz, Jop Klaver. EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts 19, 4447.
2017 Investigation of transport pathways in shales and tight reservoirs by means of liquid metal injection. J Klaver, J Schmatz, G Desbois, JL Urai. EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts 19, 14990.
2017 Microstructure formation of lithium-ion battery electrodes during drying–An ex-situ study using cryogenic broad ion beam slope-cutting and scanning electron microscopy (Cryo-BIB-SEM). S Jaiser, J Kumberg, J Klaver, JL Urai, W Schabel, J Schmatz, P Scharfer. Journal of Power Sources 345, 97-107.
2017 Lessons learned from electron microscopy of deformed Opalinus clay. B Laurich, JL Urai, G Desbois, J Klaver, C Vollmer, C Nussbaum. Ferrari A., Laloui L. (eds) Advances in Laboratory Testing and Modelling of Soils and Shales (ATMSS). ATMSS 2017. Springer Series in Geomechanics and Geoengineering. Springer, Cham, 345-350.
2017 Using BIB-SEM imaging for permeability prediction in heterogeneous shales. CJA Sinn, J Klaver, R Fink, M Jiang, J Schmatz, R Littke, JL Urai. Geofluids 2017.
2016 Microstructural characterisation of the Ypresian clays (Kallo-1) at nanometre resolution, using broad-ion beam milling and scanning electron microscopy. S Hemes, G Desbois, J Klaver, JL Urai. Netherlands Journal of Geosciences 95 (3), 293-313.
2016 Nanostructural Investigations on Potential Gas Shales of the Dniepr-Donets Basin (Ukraine). D Misch, J Klaver, D Groß, J Schmatz, RF Sachsenhofer, F Mendez-Martin. 78th EAGE Conference and Exhibition 2016, cp-490-00754.
2016 Porosity and pore connectivity in immature and artificially matured source rock using BIB-SEM, WMI and MIP. JM Klaver, J Schmatz, B Krooss, M Stockhausen, L Schwark, JL Urai. Fifth EAGE Shale Workshop 2016 (1), 1-5.
2016 Overview of Integrated Microstructural Studies to Better Understand Mechanical and Fluid Flow Properties of Fine Grained. M Klaver, B Laurich, G Desbois, S Hemes, J Schmatz, JL Urai. Fifth EAGE Shale Workshop 2016 (1), 1-5.
2016 BIB-SEM pore characterization of mature and post mature Posidonia Shale samples from the Hils area, Germany. J Klaver, G Desbois, R Littke, JL Urai. International Journal of Coal Geology 158, 78-89.
2016 Microstructure and porosity of deformed and undeformed claystones from mm to nm scale. G Desbois, J Urai, S Hemes, B Laurich, M Houben, J Klaver, B Schuck, ... 5th International Workshop on the testing of low permeability materials.
2016 Application of BIB–SEM technology to characterize microstructure and pores in mudstone at a range of scales. J Klaver, J Schmatz, G Desbois, S Hemes, JL Urai. 2016 2nd Petrus-OPERA Conf. Radioact. Waste Manag. Geol. Dispos., Delft, 55-5.

MaP partners with Excite Network and FluidNet

We at MaP are proud to present scientific partner networks to our visitors! If You are interested in their work on the field of imaging and fluid dynamics, feel free to stop by on their respective webpages. You can visit Excite here and FluidNET here.

Besides, we are now also on the Einstein Telescope Company and Research Institute Mapping Tool! Visit their webpage here.

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We at MaP are always happy to hear from our clients or business partners. Just click the button on the right to message us.

Our Team

Learn more about the people behind our vision

Dr. Joyce Schmatz

Geologist - Managing Director
Google Scholar

Dr. Jop Klaver

Geologist - Managing Director
Google Scholar

Mingze Jiang, MSc.

Software Engineer

Eva Wellmann, Dipl.-Geol

Project Leader

Anastasia Escallón Botero, MSc.

Microstructure Analyst

Junior Experts

Farah Mannouni, MSc.

Junior Expert

Roula Qaddor, BSc.

Junior Expert

Momen Mostafa, BSc.

Junior Expert

Lujza Medvecka, MSc.

Junior Expert


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